Agatha is one of the three Precogs, and is a key component to the “PreCrime”
divisions operations. As a Precog, she possesses the unique ability to predict the time, location, and scenario of the world’s various murders. This ability is invaluable, as the accuracy of her predictions validates the PreCrime division’s operations and asserts the existence of a deterministic society. Upon this assumption, the PreCrime division is able to implement various policies, which create the society depicted throughout the movie. It is evident that Agatha’s existence brings many questions about the existence of free will, and the duality between body and mind.
Born into a futuristic society, Agatha was donated to the PreCrime division by her mother Anne Lively. As part of the PreCrime division, she operates with the two other Precogs and is linked up to a machine, in which their visions are projected for others to analyze. Agatha is valued not for her body, but rather for her mind. Though her body is held in the containment pool, the main focus is on her thoughts. Descartes identifies this mind, body separation and asserts that the mind is of utmost importance. Descartes claims that the mind should seek to be freed of the body, and that this separation is key to true knowledge. The machine that Agatha is hooked up to facilitates this separation and allows Agatha to literally partition her mind’s images from her body.
Agatha’s visions provide true knowledge of reality. When the three Precogs predict a murder, their foresight is shown to the entire PreCrime division and is accepted as an inevitable reality. For instance, when Anderton is predicted to murder Leo Crow, the entire division truly believes that Anderton will carry out this prediction. Despite their previous trust of Anderton, no one can question this true knowledge, and therefore the entire division chases him endlessly. Agatha is assumed to have true knowledge of the world around her, and her ability to separate her body from her mind is vital to this concept of irrefutable knowledge.
Agatha’s predictive powers are highly dependent on the presence of the twins. When Anderton steals her from the PreCrime division, it is evident that the machines will no longer work without Agatha. Spinoza argues that individuals are exponentially more powerful when they work together. This emphasis on teamwork is vital for the machines operations, and without this aforementioned teamwork, true predictive knowledge cannot be obtained.
The futuristic society depicted in the Minority Report is highly dependent on the assumption of determinism. Agatha is able to repeatedly predict the future, and therefore her insights are asserted to be fate. Fore instance, her ability to predict the future saves Anderton from being capture on many occasions. Spinoza argues that free will is a falsity, and that all events take place out of pure necessity. According to Spinoza, all things are predetermined. Agatha’s predictive accuracy validates Spinoza’s claim and enables the entire PreCrime division to believe in the existence of fate. This assumption of predetermined actions creates a society in which eye scanners are placed everywhere, and actions are monitored constantly. Humans are not believed to be autonomous beings, but rather beings constrained by predetermined actions.
Agatha’s knowledge of reality is ultimately flawed. At the end of the movie, Agatha makes a final prediction in which Burgess is predicted to kill Anderton via gunpoint. Up to this point, all of Agatha’s predictions came to fruition; however, Burgess ultimately does not kill Anderton. This twist proves that Agatha’s predictions of the future are not rid of flaws. Agatha does not have true knowledge of the future, and her predictions are prone to error. This one mistake forces the PreCrime division to halt its operations, as determinism is proven to be false.